Nepal, a Himalayan country and with many hidden Shangri-la destinations for you to discover and explore, Nepal located between two large nations; India and China, covers an area of 147,181 sq km. Although a small country in area, but one of the world’s richest countries in terms of biodiversity with its unique geographical location and altitude variation, elevation rises from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic changes from Sub-tropical-alpine to Arctic. Nepal-occupying only 0.03% of the earth is home to: 02 % of all the flowering plants in the world; 08 % of the world’s population of birds (more than 857 species); 04 % of mammals on earth; 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species); 600 indigenous plant families; 319 species of exotic orchids where on world would one find a vast change in temperature-landscapes-culture within a short distance, which adds travelers with mesmerizing time and indeed one of the best tourist destinations as listed by leading international travel magazines and various guide books making Nepal one the most sought adventure and cultural destinations.
Nepal captures world’s 8th highest peaks out of 14 highest mountains with number one Mt. Everest, Mt. Kanchenjunga, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Makalu, Mt. Cho-Oyu, Mt. Dhaulagiri, Mt. Manaslu and Mt. Annapurna, the country Birth Place of Lord Buddha “The Light of Asia”, Nepal is also rich in its unique culture and tradition and, is prominent for its hospitality. This compact nation is home to 125 ethnic groups, 9 religion, and 123 different languages; Nepali being the national language. Nepal, land of Himalayan wonders truly amazing, it has much to offer to its visitors with Nepalese warm and friendly hospitality. Before the Tibeto-Burmans and the Indo-Aryans, Dravidian people came and settled in Nepal. Tibeto Burmans are Rai, Limbu, Gurung, Tamang, and other people, Indo-Aryans are Brahmin and Chettris, while Dravadians are Tharus, who live mostly in the plain region of Nepal. These people live in Nepal and are known as the Nepalese. The Nepalese historians do know much about the early History of Nepal, and what they have recorded is from the Kirat dynasty.
The four dynasties that ruled Nepal were Kirat, Malla, Thakuri, and Shah. On May 28, 2008, Nepal was declared a Federal Democratic Republic. Currency and Foreign exchange Nepali Rupees that are available in the form of notes are 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, and 1000; 1, 2, 5, and 10 are also available in the form of coins. Exchange of the foreign currencies must be done either at banks or at authorized money exchanges in Nepal. The receipt of such a transaction is to be kept by you. You can also exchange your currency at Tribhuwan International Airport in Kathmandu in Nepal. Internet domain .np International dialing code +977
New Year: Nepal has its own calendar, and its New Year falls in the second week of April. All the Nepalese of different castes celebrate the Nepalese New Year with a sense of oneness. On this day, some of them go to picnics. Buddha Jayanti: Nepal celebrates the birth anniversary of Lord Buddha, the pioneer of Buddhism, every year in May in Nepal. On this day, people visit to stupas and burn butter lamps. Saraswati Puja: Saraswati is the goddess of knowledge. The students and scholars of Nepal worship her between January and February, according to the Nepali calendar. Pens and books are also worshipped by them. Shivaratri: Shivaratri or the night of Lord Shiva falls between February/March, according tothe Nepali calendar. On this day, the Nepalese government legalizes the use of marijuana. The devotees can consume marijuana as well as can offer it to Lord Shiva. Holi: This festival of water and colors falls between February and March, according to the Nepali calendar and is celebrated to rejoice the extermination of Holika, a female demon.
Krishna Janmastami: The birth anniversary of Lord Sri Krishna falls between August and September. All the devotees worship Lord Krishna on this day by offering flowers and sweets and by chanting hymns. Tihar: This festival of lights falls between October/November and lasts for five days, and the Hindu Nepalese worship Laxmi – the Goddess of Wealth. Crows, dogs, and cows are also worshipped on different days. Crows are regarded as a messenger; dogs are looked upon as the most obedient animal, and cow is worshipped as the symbol of wealth in Hinduism. Dashain: During the month of Kartik (late September and early October) the Nepalese people celebrate Dashain, which is the longest festival of Nepal, and in which the goddess Durga is worshipped for 15 days. The devotees also sacrifice animals. 123 languages are spoken in Nepal, but its major language is Nepali. The current young generation of Nepal also speaks English. Below are the common Nepali phrases that you should know when you are in Nepal.
Some Nepalies useful words Translation in English:
Tapaiilai Kasto Cha?-How are you?
(Malai) Thik Cha-I am fine
Khana khannu bhaiyo?-Have you eaten?
Tapaiiko naam ke ho?-What is you name?
Mero naam Ann-Marie ho.-My name is Ann-Marie
Maaph garnuhos.-Excuse me/ pardon me/ sorry
Maile bhujhina?-I don’t understand
Maile bhujhe-I understand